ENERGY, OIL AND GAS
The activities of petroleum and natural gas companies in Egypt are governed by special laws and regulations and particular regimes, which the Firm, over the years, contributed to and practiced. ZH&P has been a leading firm in Egypt in the areas of oil and gas, as it was almost exclusively in charge of the execution of all the oil concessions in Egypt and the Middle East in the period between the 1950’s and 1970’s.  With the discovery of natural gas in Egypt, the Firm saw through the landmark deal in the gas sector by establishing the legal structure of the first liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Egypt for the Spanish-based Union Fenosa. The later became heavily involved in carrying out all legal gas-related activities like the distribution of natural gas to residential and industrial areas, which included the incorporation of related dominant specialized distribution companies in the market. ZH&P specializes in drafting, negotiating and finalizing Concession Agreements and assisting petroleum contractors in all their activities, including EPC and O&M. The Firm has also acted as a special consultant to the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (“EGPC”) and for the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (“EGAS”).

The Firm has also prepared the first complete legal framework study for the introduction of petrochemical industries to the Government. It continues to provide extensive services to major clients in the petrochemical industry, mainly fertilizers industries, which involves devising the corporate structure up to the conclusion of all project agreements, such as EPC, O&M, feed stock supply and off-take agreements.