Mr. Sameh Khodeir, Senior Partner, is Head of the Oil & Gas Department at ZH&P. Having joined the Firm in 1982, he has been extending his seasoned skills and expertise to the fields of oil & gas, energy, mining, project finance, litigation, international commercial arbitration, taxation law, labor law, and the structuring and restructuring of companies.

Mr. Khodeir’s professional track record includes 30+ concession agreements, 40+ deeds of assignments, and an extensive number of settlement agreements for oil & gas disputes as well as arbitrations in petroleum explorations and production (E&P). Mr. Khodeir recently handled an arbitration over the supply of crude oil with a disputed value of US$ 200 million. The award ruled in favor of ZH&P’s client.

With a vast experience exceeding 44 years, other selected examples of Mr. Khodeir’s expertise include:

  1. Advising on three mega projects exceeding the value of US$ 1 Billion, namely,
  2. - Advising INVP, from construction to hand-over, on the Second Nuclear Research Reactor and Radioisotopes Projects (2007 & 2015);

    - Advising on the implementation of Union Fenosa’s Damietta Project - the first LNG project in Egypt (2000);

    - Advising Middle East Oil Refinery (MIDOR) on the Project Financing for the Modernization, Upgrade and Expansion of a New Refinery (2015 – In progress).

  3. Review of the US$ 600 million Syndicated Loan Agreement granted by Credit Agricole Indosuez, Sucursal in Spain, the Royal Bank of Scotland PLC, and the Royal Bank of Canada in connection with Union Fenosa’s Damiettal LNG Project (2000/2001).
  4. Special Advisor to the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) in a US$ 1.55 billion forward Sale Contract of Crude Oil arranged by Morgan Stanley (2005).

Recent examples of his expertise also include:

  1. Advising the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company in its USD 1.6 billion EPC Contract of the Egyptian-Saudi Linkage Project. (2019)
  2. Extending Legal Support to RAKTA regarding the EUR 10.5 million Tender for Rehabilitation of Machinery. (2019)

Mr. Khodeir also acted as the legal advisor to a large number of multi-national Investments operating in Egypt in the sectors of: i) Exploration and Production of Oil & Gas (e.g. IEOC, Apache, Sipetorl – among others); ii) Petroleum Services in drilling and Services Contracts (e.g. Schlumberger, SantaFe which became Shelf Drilling - among others); iii) Mining and Pharmaceuticals (e.g. NOVARTIS, Otsuka – among others); iv) Trading (e.g. Cargill – among others); and v) International Organizations (e.g. JETRO, JICA, and JBIC – among others).

In addition to Petroleum companies, he also acted as Special Legal Advisor to the Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) and the Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS) on specific transactions with values ranging between US$ 850 million and US$1.55 billion. He was also entrusted by EGPC and EGAS to act as their special advisor in bank guarantee agreements (security agreements).

Mr. Khodeir adeptly maintains solid long-standing relations with his clients. He has been the legal advisor to IEOC since 1984, to Santa Fe since 1984 (and through its merger and acquisition by Transocean), to Alitalia (Egypt) since 1983, to Le Meridien Hotel since 1988, to the Four Seasons Hotel in Cairo since 2011, to EGPC since 1985 - among others.

He is member of the Egyptian Association for International Law; the Egyptian Association for Politics, Economics, Statistics and Legislation; the Legal Core Committee of the American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt; the Egyptian Lebanese Business Association; and the British Egyptian Business Association. He is also a member of the BOD of the Japanese-Egyptian Business Council. He is proficient in Arabic and English.

Mr. Khodeir is often sought after to lecture as a practitioner in universities and institutions such as his lecture on the legal regime of Oil & Gas regime in Egypt delivered to post-graduate students at Harvard Law School in 2010. He achieved the LL.B. from Cairo University’s Faculty of Law in 1975.

Mr. Khodeir was ranked by IFLR1000 as “Highly Regarded Leading Lawyer” in Project Finance and M&A (2019 and 2020), in Project Finance and Banking (2018) - and as “Leading Lawyer” in the Financial and Corporate practice (2016 and 2017). He was also ranked by the LEGAL 500 as “Leading Individual” in the Energy practice (2018, 2019, and 2020) and recommended in the Arbitration practice (2018 and 2019). He had been ranked as “Leading Individual” in the Oil & Gas practice (2016 and 2017).


"The practice, which is led by head of oil and gas Sameh Khodeir, projects partner Mohammed Gomaa and project finance partner Sameh Kamal, is also heavily involved in the financing and public law aspects of renewable power projects". The LEGAL 500 – Energy, 2020

"Mr. Sameh Khodeir is able to handle all issues efficiently and diligently given his extensive legal database." IFLR1000 Client Reviews, 2020

"Sameh has adequate experience, as flexibility in all matters, the professionalism in dealing with Midor as well as excellent follow up and commitment beside the ability of providing creative solutions for all obstacles." IFLR1000 Client Reviews, 2020

"Zaki Hashem & Partners, Attorneys at Law has a vastly experienced partner team in practice head Sameh Khodeir, Essam Taha and Sameh Kamal. The practice advised BNP Paribas on financing agreements with the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company, and assisted Engie with a wind farm project in the Gulf of Suez". The LEGAL 500 – Energy, 2019

"Sameh Khodeir handles major energy arbitrations". The LEGAL 500 – Dispute Resolution (Arbitration), 2018

"Senior partner Sameh Khodeir and head of projects Mohammed Gomaa are the key names at Zaki Hashem & Partners, Attorneys at Law". The LEGAL 500 - Energy, 2018

"Senior partner Sameh Khodeir, who ‘has deep experience in the oil business…". The LEGAL 500, 2017

"Senior partner Sameh Khodeir 'has long experience in this industry sector, and a reputation for quality'...". The LEGAL 500, 2016